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ExACT | Expert Anal Cancer Consensus Staging

DOI: 10.7937/2023.na2x-j031 | Data Citation Required | Image Collection

Location Species Subjects Data Types Cancer Types Size Supporting Data Status Updated
Anus Human 30 MR Anal Cancer 1.64GB Clinical Limited, Complete 2023/03/30


Accurate pre-therapeutic imaging of the tumour and regional lymph nodes, is - in addition to clinical examination and assessment for distant metastases -essential for prognostication and guiding treatment. Nodal staging has been validated as an important independent prognostic factor [EORTC22861; RTOG9811] and the nodal stage as well as the precise location of involved lymph nodes (mesorectum, presacral space, internal iliac lymph nodes, external iliac lymph nodes, ischiorectal fossa, inguinal lymph nodes) informs the planning of radiotherapy treatment especially when using more conformal techniques such as intensity modulated radiotherapy. It is therefore essential to optimize and standardize pre-treatment imaging to provide accurate and reproducible information to guide treatment decision, development of radiotherapy atlases and clinical trial design.

Whereas there currently exist a lack of consensus as to which staging modality should be considered as the gold standard for local staging of the tumour (T) and detection of lymph node involvement (N), the use of multi-parametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the pelvis has been endorsed by international guidelines (NCCN, ESMO/ESTRO).

An expert panel of radiologist and radiation oncologists with expertise in anal cancer diagnosis and treatment identified by the Anal Staging Subgroup of the International Rare Cancer Incentive (IRCI) will be invited to participate. The panelists will be assigned into groups based on the geographical location and local practice. Each panelist will be provided with access to a series of anonymized MRI datasets of patients with newly diagnosed anal cancer and asked to provide a TNM stage as well as to identify sites of involved nodes (using a standardised proforma – Appendix1).  Each case was selected for the presence of MRI sequences like these:

  • T2w TSE sagittal [T2-w sagittal turbo spin echo (TSE) sequence covering the pelvis]
  • T1w TSE axial [sequence for pelvic nodal detection] 
  • T2-w TSE axial [sequence of the pelvis]
  • T2w TSE sFOV [high-resolution small-field-of-view T2-w TSE sequences perpendicular and parallel to the anal canal]
  • DWI [single shot spin echo-echo planar imaging DWI]
  • ADC parametric map [apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps]

Data Access

This is a limited access data set. If you are an investigator on this project, to request access to ExACT data, please contact

Version 1: Updated 2023/03/30

Title Data Type Format Access Points Subjects Studies Series Images License
Images, MR DICOM
Download requires NBIA Data Retriever
30 30 179 6,400 TCIA Limited (contact Support)
Clinical data XLSX
30 TCIA Limited (contact Support)
Proforma for project panelists Other PDF CC BY 4.0

Additional Resources for this Dataset

The following external resources have been made available by the data submitters.  These are not hosted or supported by TCIA, but may be useful to researchers utilizing this collection.

Citations & Data Usage Policy

Data Citation Required: Users must abide by the TCIA Data Usage Policy and Restrictions. Attribution must include the following citation, including the Digital Object Identifier:

Data Citation

Owczarczyk K.,  Prezzi D., Boisfwr D.,  Adams, R., Goh, V.  (2023) Expert Anal Cancer Consensus Staging (ExACT) [Dataset]. The Cancer Imaging Archive. 


We would like to acknowledge the individuals and institutions that have provided data for this collection:

  • Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospital in London, United Kingdom
    • Special thanks to Dr Kasia Owczarczyk, MD from the Department of Radiotherapy,
    • Adrian Green, Dr Davide Prezzi and Professor Vicky Goh, from the Department of Cancer Imaging
  • Professor Richard Adams, Velindre Cancer Centre, Cardiff, Wales

Other Publications Using this Data

TCIA maintains a list of publications that leverage TCIA data. If you have a manuscript you’d like to add please contact the TCIA Helpdesk.

TCIA Citation

Clark, K., Vendt, B., Smith, K., Freymann, J., Kirby, J., Koppel, P., Moore, S., Phillips, S., Maffitt, D., Pringle, M., Tarbox, L., & Prior, F. (2013). The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA): Maintaining and Operating a Public Information Repository. In Journal of Digital Imaging (Vol. 26, Issue 6, pp. 1045–1057). Springer Science and Business Media LLC.